# Per Mille Sign

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HTML Meaning
`&permil;`
`&#8240;`
`U+2030`
Default Per Mille Sign
This is the standard per mille symbol used to represent per thousand (1/1000) in various contexts, such as statistics, mathematics, and finance.

### What is the per mille Sign?

The per mille sign, represented as ‰, is used to denote parts per thousand, or `1/1000`. It serves as a more specific form of the percentage symbol (%), which signifies parts per hundred. For example, a tax rate could be 15‰, meaning 15 parts per thousand, or 15 out of 1000.

To gain a deeper understanding of the per mille symbol, it's useful to know how to convert these values into decimals or percentages. Use the following formulas:

`Decimal Form = (Per Mille Value) / 1000`

For instance, to convert a tax rate of 15‰ into decimal form, you would perform the following calculation:

`Decimal Form = 15 / 1000 = 0.015`

If you want to convert to percentage, you can use this formula:

`Percentage Form = (Per Mille Value) / 10`

Using this formula, converting 15‰ to percentage would look like this:

`Percentage Form = 15 / 10 = 1.5%`

### How to Use the Per Mille Sign

The per mille sign is used in a straightforward manner, directly following the number it modifies. Some common uses include:

• In statistics: a 5‰ increase in population growth (equivalent to 0.5%).
• In finance: a 2‰ fee for a financial transaction (equivalent to 0.2%).
• In science: a concentration of 300‰ of a certain element (equivalent to 30%).

### How to Type the Per Mille Sign Using Keyboard Shortcuts and Alt Codes

• On Windows: Hold down the Alt key on your keyboard and type `0137` on the numeric keypad, then release the Alt key.
• On Mac: This symbol is not directly accessible through a simple keyboard shortcut on Mac systems. You can copy and paste it or use the Character Viewer to locate it.
• For HTML coding: Use the named entity `&permil;` or the numeric entity `&#8240;`.
• In LaTeX: To typeset the per mille symbol in LaTeX, you can use the `\textperthousand` command in text mode.