HTML | Meaning | |
---|---|---|

‰ |
`‰` `‰` `U+2030` |
Default Per Mille SignThis is the standard per mille symbol used to represent per thousand (1/1000) in various contexts, such as statistics, mathematics, and finance. |

% |
`%` `U+25` |
Percentage SymbolRepresents per hundred (1/100) in various contexts. |

‱ |
`‱` `U+2031` |
Per Ten Thousand SymbolRepresents per ten thousand (1/10000) and is less commonly used. |

### What is the per mille Sign?

The per mille sign, represented as ‰, is used to denote parts per thousand, or `1/1000`

. It serves as a more specific form of the percentage symbol (%), which signifies parts per hundred. For example, a tax rate could be 15‰, meaning 15 parts per thousand, or 15 out of 1000.

To gain a deeper understanding of the per mille symbol, it's useful to know how to convert these values into decimals or percentages. Use the following formulas:

`Decimal Form = (Per Mille Value) / 1000`

For instance, to convert a tax rate of 15‰ into decimal form, you would perform the following calculation:

`Decimal Form = 15 / 1000 = 0.015`

If you want to convert to percentage, you can use this formula:

`Percentage Form = (Per Mille Value) / 10`

Using this formula, converting 15‰ to percentage would look like this:

`Percentage Form = 15 / 10 = 1.5%`

### How to Use the Per Mille Sign

The per mille sign is used in a straightforward manner, directly following the number it modifies. Some common uses include:

- In statistics: a 5‰ increase in population growth (equivalent to 0.5%).
- In finance: a 2‰ fee for a financial transaction (equivalent to 0.2%).
- In science: a concentration of 300‰ of a certain element (equivalent to 30%).

### How to Type the Per Mille Sign Using Keyboard Shortcuts and Alt Codes

- On Windows: Hold down the
`Alt`key on your keyboard and type`0137`

on the numeric keypad, then release the`Alt`key. - On Mac: This symbol is not directly accessible through a simple keyboard shortcut on Mac systems. You can copy and paste it or use the Character Viewer to locate it.
- For HTML coding: Use the named entity
`‰`

or the numeric entity`‰`

. - In LaTeX: To typeset the per mille symbol in LaTeX, you can use the
`\textperthousand`

command in text mode.